Lantau Island is the largest island in Hong Kong with a land mass of 147 square kilometres. About seventy percent of the land is dedicated as Country Parks and Special Areas. Our largest Country Parks in area, South Lantau Country Park, is also located in Lantau. Eight locations with high ecological values are listed as “Site of Special Scientific Interest”, including Sunset Peak, Man Cheung Po, Lantau Peak and Tai Ho Stream. Nevertheless, there are many rare fauna and flora see Lantau as their home, such as the endemic Romer’s Tree Frogs (Liuixalus romeri) and Lantau Star-anise (Illicium angustisepalum), critical endangered orchid Purple Paphiopedilum (Paphiopedilum purpuratum), and so on.
Also, the long and rich history and culture of Lantau Island cannot be overlooked. The earliest human activities on the Island can be traced back to Early Stone Age. According to the Office of Antiquities and Monuments, there are fifty sites contain archaeological research value, and among six of them are listed as statutory monuments, including Tung Chung Fort, Stone Circle at Fan Lau and Tai O Yeung Hau Temple.